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  • CollectionCollection Egypt
  • Research projectsGlypcol
  • Inventory numberE.05601
  • Object nameStamp seal
  • TitleScarab
  • CultureEgyptian
  • GeographyPlace of production: Egypt (Africa > North Africa)
    Place of discovery: Unknown
  • Date-945 / -715
  • Period22nd dynasty (Egypt > Third Intermediate Period)
  • MaterialSteatite (mineral) (Stone > Mineral)
  • DimensionsHeight: 1 cm, Width: 0,7 cm, Depth: 0,4 cm
  • OwnerMusées royaux d'art et d'histoire/Koninklijke Musea voor Kunst en Geschiedenis
  • Order photographs
More images

The base of this scarab shows a recumbent human-headed sphinx and several hieroglyphs. Above, they form the royal title “nTr [nfr] nb tAwy”, ‘the good god, lord of the Two Lands”. Below, a papyrus plant (“wAdj”) and lotus flower – symbols of Upper and Lower Egypt, placed on either side of two small vertical strokes. Since the sphinx can have the phonetic value “nb”, ‘lord’, the inscription on this scarab could be “lord of Both Lands”. Similar scarabs are ascribed to the 22nd dynasty. The perforated sides point to a date between the 22nd and the 26th dynasty.