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Human-head scaraboid
  • CollectionCollection Egypt
  • Research projectsGlypcol
  • Inventory numberE.05862
  • Object nameStamp seal
  • TitleHuman-head scaraboid
  • CultureEgyptian
  • GeographyPlace of production: Egypt (Africa > North Africa)
    Place of discovery: Unknown
  • Date-1295 / -656
  • Period19th dynasty (Egypt > New Kingdom)
  • MaterialFaience (Earth > Clay > Ceramics > Earthenware)
  • DimensionsHeight: 2 cm, Width: 1,5 cm, Depth: 1 cm
  • OwnerMusées royaux d'art et d'histoire/Koninklijke Musea voor Kunst en Geschiedenis
  • Order photographs
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The production of scaraboids with human face, in faience, seems to appear in the Ramessid Period and lasts until the Late Period. They never show the name of a king, except for the name of Thutmosis III, “Mn-Khpr-Ra”. The base of this scarab shows a dung beetle “khpr” next to a (damaged) ostrich feather of the goddess Maat and above the hieroglyph “mn” underneath a solar disk. This allows the reading “Mn-Khpr-Ra”, “Imn Ra” (‘Amun Ra’) or “Mn-Maat-Ra” (the name of Seti I). The owner thus assured himself of divine and royal protection. Such combinations appear not only in the Ramessid Period but are attested until the Late Period.