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Sarcophagus of the controller of phyle Nakht
  • CollectionEgypt
  • Inventory numberE.00408
  • Object nameSarcophagus
  • TitleSarcophagus of the controller of phyle Nakht
  • CultureEgyptian
  • GeographyPlace of production:EgyptGeographical Reference > Africa > North Africa
    Place of discovery:AbydosGeographical Reference > Africa > North Africa > Egypt > Upper Egypt (region) > Sohag (governorate)
  • Dateca. 2064 BC - 1797 BC
  • Period12th dynasty(Egypt > Middle Kingdom)
  • MaterialLimestoneMaterial > Stone
    TechniquePaintingTechnique > General techniques
  • DimensionsLo x La x H: 190,8 cm, 53,7 cm, 80,5 cm
  • LocationOn display
  • OwnerMusées royaux d'art et d'histoire / Koninklijke Musea voor Kunst en Geschiedenis
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All sides of this limestone sarcophagus were once decorated with dark red spots, in order to imitate pink granite. The hieroglyphic inscriptions, written in blue paint on a yellow background, contain formulas to protect the deceased, pronounced by various deities in the Hereafter. Isis and Nephtys, the sisters of Osiris who helped the god with his rebirth, are depicted at the feet and at the head of the deceased. They lift their arms in the air as a sign of mourning, while their hair seems to float horizontally.
Nakht bears the title "Overseer of the phyle". He was in charge of a group of priests (phyle) responsible for the maintenance of the daily cult in the temple.

The sarcophagus was discovered during the excavations of W. M. F. Petrie and J. Garstang in Abydos, in 1899.